Open Access Review

Sarcoidosis in tuberculosis-endemic regions: India

Kalpana Babu

Author Affiliations

Vittala International Institute of Ophthalmology, Hosakerehalli, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560085, India

Prabha Eye clinic and Research Center, 40th Cross Rd, Jayanagar 8th Block, Bangalore, 560070, India

Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2013, 3:53  doi:10.1186/1869-5760-3-53

Published: 27 June 2013

Abstract

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disease of unknown etiology affecting multiple organs. Earlier reports suggested that sarcoidosis was a disease of the developed world. However, recent reports suggest that the disease is found in the developing countries as well. Clinical, radiological, and histopathological similarities with tuberculosis pose a great challenge in countries endemic for tuberculosis. Mantoux test, high resolution computed tomography, and transbronchial lymph node and lung biopsies are diagnostic modalities, which play an important role in the diagnosis of sarcoid. In this review, we look at the epidemiology of sarcoid in tuberculosis-endemic regions, the sarcoidosis-tuberculosis link, clinical profile, diagnostic modalities, dilemma in the diagnosis, and the treatment of this disease.

Keywords:
Sarcoidosis; Tuberculosis; Ocular involvement; Computed tomography; Mantoux test